Orthorexia nervous: a challenge for the nutrology doctor

Carolina de Almeida Luna, Terezinha de Souza Agra Belmonte

Abstract


The orthorexia nervosa is related with obsessive thoughts about healthy nutrition. This symptom has
not been officially recognized as an eating disorder yet, not being present in the DSM -V. However, the
literature discusses the concept of orthorexia nervosa that includes these characteristics, interactions,
signs and symptoms and treatment. This work shows a systematic literature review of forty-three articles
published since 1997 in order to map the knowledge about orthorexia to this date. This work focused
on the importance of physician specialist in nutrology on diagnosis and monitoring these patients with a
multidisciplinary team. The definition of risk groups and the criteria for diagnosis creating auxiliary methods
as the ORTHO -15 are essential for the early diagnosis of this condition. The treatment of orthorexia
requires a multidisciplinary team, involving nutritional experts, doctors, psychiatrists, psychologists,
nutritionists, physical educator. In some cases, anti-serotoninergic drugs may be required as part of the
treatment. Conclusion: More research is needed to define the diagnostic criteria and the prevalence of
this eating disorder.


Keywords


Orthorexia Nervosa, Feeding Behavior, Eating Disorders, Nutrology

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22565/ijn.v9i1.220

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