Consumo de bebidas por crianças brasileiras com idades entre 4 e 11 anos de idade e seu impacto na ingestão de açúcar de adição: Estudo de amostragem nacional

Mauro Fisberg, Ana Paula Wolf TascaDel’Arco, Agatha Nogueira Previdelli, Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida

Abstract


Objetivo: avaliar o consumo médio de bebidas das crianças brasileiras pré-escolares e escolares (com
idades entre 4 e 11 anos), bem como os momentos e as características desse consumo, considerando
a contribuição de cada bebida na ingestão de açúcar de adição.
Metodologia: amostra nacional representativa através de análise secundária de questionário estruturado
respondido, por 3 dias, pelas mães de crianças com idades entre 4 e 6 anos (n= 1.391 crianças) e 7
e 11 anos (n= 2.365 crianças) de todas as regiões do país, sobre os líquidos consumidos com foco na
ingesta de açúcar de adição, bem como os locais e as pessoas que acompanharam esse consumo.
Resultados: No café da manhã, o suco de frutas comprado e o achocolatado caseiro foram os maiores
contribuintes para o consumo de açúcar de adição. No lanche da manhã, as duas bebidas com maior
contribuição foram os refrigerantes e o suco de frutas comprado. Durante o almoço, aparece sempre o
suco de frutas comprado, entretanto, foi observada diferença entre as faixas etárias, sendo que para as
crianças entre 4 e 6 anos, ao lado do suco de frutas comprado, aparecem os refrigerantes, mas, entre
7 e 11 anos, aparece também o leite com achocolatado. No lanche da tarde, apesar de o suco de frutas
comprado estar presente em todo o grupo estudado, entre as crianças mais velhas o refrigerante é mais
consumido que o leite com achocolatado, sendo este mais frequente entre as crianças mais novas. Em
relação ao jantar, o suco de frutas comprado esteve sempre presente, em todo o grupo estudado, mas
os refrigerantes apareceram com relevância nas crianças mais velhas (7 a 11 anos).

Conclusão: as bebidas adoçadas, consumidas principalmente em casa e na presença de cuidadores,
contribuem de forma significativa para a ingestão de açúcar de adição na dieta das crianças,
especialmente os sucos de frutas comprados, refrigerantes e bebidas achocolatadas.


Keywords


bebidas adoçadas, obesidade, líquidos

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22565/ijn.v9i2.238

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